Nigel Gilbert (Editor)

Pub Date: 03/2008
Pages: 576

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Nigel Gilbert (Editor)
Online Readings

The online readings have been selected to complement your use of Gilbert's
Researching Social Life. We have selected appropriate, insightful and relevant
journal articles, organized thematically. Direct linking to the relevant webpage for each article is provided.

All of the readings are organized according to the table of contents of Gilbert's
Researching Social Life.

Part I: Defining the problem
1. Conceptualising Social Life. Geoff Cooper

Schinkel, W. (2007) ‘Sociological Discourse of the Relational:
The Cases of Bourdieu and Latour’ The Sociological Review,
Vol. 55 (4): 707-729

Miller, T. G. (1986) ‘Goffman, Positivism and the Self’,
Philosophy of the Social Sciences, Vol. 16 (2): 177-195

Joseph, J. & Kennedy, S. (2000) ‘The Structure of the Social’,
Philosophy of the Social Sciences, Vol. 30 (12): 508-527

Hammersley, M. (2005) ‘Should Social Science Be Critical?’,
Philosophy of the Social Sciences, Vol. 35 (2): 175-195

Williams, R. (1983) ‘Sociological Tropes: A Tribute to Erving Goffman’,
Theory, Culture & Society, Vol. 99 (2): 99-102

Manias, E. & Street, A. (2000) ‘Possibilities for Critical Social Theory
and Foucault’s Work: A Toolbox Approach’, Nursing Inquiry,
Vol. 7 (1): 50-60

2. Research, Theory and Method. Nigel Gilbert

Mulkay, M., and Gilbert, G.N. (1981) 'Putting Philosophy to Work: Karl Popper's Influence on Scientific Practice', Philosophy of the Social Sciences, Vol. 11 (3): 389-407
(not available online)

Uprichard, E. (2006) ‘Method, Methodology and Pedagogy in Social Research’,
Sociology, Vol. 40 (12): 1201-1207

Yanchar, S. C., Gantt, E. E. & Clay, S. L. (2005) ‘On the Nature of a Critical Methodology’, Theory & Psychology, Vol. 15 (2): 27 - 50.

3. Refining the Question. Nicola Green

Bryman, A. (2007) ‘The Research Question in Social Research: What is its Role?’, International Journal of Social Research Methodology, Vol. 10 (1): 5-20

Weekes, D. P. (1992) ‘Developing a Research Question: Where to Start?’ Journal of Pediatric Oncology Nursing, Vol. 9 (4): 187-191

Voss, G. B. (2003) ‘Formulating Interesting Research Questions’, Journal of the Academy of Marketing Science, Vol. 31 (3): 356-359

Part II: Beginnings
4. Designing a Project.


5. Searching for and Reviewing Literature. Mary Ebeling and Julie Lamb

(an example of a literature review)

Roulston, K. (2006) ‘Close encounters of the ‘CA’ kind: a review of literature analysing talk in research interviews’, Qualitative Research, 11 (6):  515 – 534.

(On systematic reviews):

Harden A., Thomas J. (2005) ‘Methodological issues in combining diverse study types in systematic reviews’ International Journal of Social Research Methodology Vol. 8 (3): 257-271

Shepherd J., Harden A., Rees R., Brunton G., Garcia J., Oliver S., Oakley A. (2006) ‘Young people and healthy eating: a systematic review of research on barriers and facilitators’ Health Education Research Vol. 21 (2): 239-257

6. Designing Samples. Patrick Sturgis

Duranleau, D. L. (1999) ‘Random Sampling of Regional Populations: A Field Test’, Field Methods, Vol. 11 (1): 61-67.

Mahaffey, B. A. (2007) ‘Therapeutic Alliance: A Review of Sampling Strategies Reported in Marital and Family Therapy Studies’, The Family Journal, Vol. 15 (3): 207-216.

Hultsch, D. F. (2002) ‘Sampling and generalisability in developmental research: Comparison of random and convenience samples of older adults’, International Society for the Study of Behavioral Development, Vol. 26 (4): 345-359.

7. Grounded theory and inductive research. Paul Hodkinson

Coyne, I. & Cowley, S. (2006) ‘Using grounded theory to research parent participation’, Journal of Research in Nursing, Vol. 11 (6): 501-515.

Hall, W. A. & Callery, P. (2001) ‘Enhancing the Rigor of Grounded Theory: Incorporating Reflexivity and Relationality’, Qualitative Health Research, Vol. 11 (3): 257 - 272.

Annells, M. (1996) ‘Grounded theory method: philosophical perspectives, paradigm of inquiry, and postmodernism’, Qualitative Health Research, Vol. 6 (3): 379-93.

Reed, P. G. & Runquist, J. J. (2007) ‘Reformulation of a Methodological Concept in Grounded Theory’, Nursing Science Quarterly, Vol. 20 (2): 118-122

Charmaz, K. (In Press) ‘Views from the Margins: Voices, Silences, and Suffering’ Qualitative Psychology
(not available online)

Charmaz, K. (2006) ‘Measuring Pursuits, Marking Self: Meaning Construction in Chronic Illness’ International Journal of Qualitative Health and Well-Being, Vol. 1 (1): 27-37

Chapter 8. Participatory Action Research. Christina Silver

Burgess, J. (2006) ‘Participatory action research: First-person perspectives of a graduate student’, Action Research, Vol. 4 (4): 419-437

Brydon-Miller, M. Greenwood, D. & Maguire, P. (2003) ‘Why Action Research?’, Action Research, Vol. 1 (1): 9-28

Etowa, J. B. (2007) ‘Participatory Action Research (PAR): An Approach for Improving Black Women's Health in Rural and Remote Communities’, Journal of Transcultural Nursing, Vol. 18 (4): 349-357

Teram, J. (2005) ‘The Case for Integrating Grounded Theory and Participatory Action Research: Empowering Clients to Inform Professional Practice’, Qualitative Health Research, Vol. 15 (8): 1129-1140

Chapter 9. Mixed Methods. Jo Moran-Ellis, Victoria D. Alexander, Ann Cronin, Jane Fielding and Hilary Thomas

Morgan, D. L. ‘Paradigms Lost and Pragmatism Regained: Methodological Implications of Combining Qualitative and Quantitative Methods’, Journal of Mixed Methods Research, Vol. 1 (1): 48-76

Johnson, R. B. & Onwuegbuzie, A. J. (2004) ‘Mixed Methods Research: A Research Paradigm Whose Time Has Come’, Educational Researcher, Vol. 33 (10): 14 – 26

Bryman, A. (2007) ‘Barriers to Integrating Quantitative and Qualitative Research’, Journal of Mixed Methods Research, Vol. 1 (1): 8-22

Tashakkori, A. & Creswell, J. W. (2007) ‘Exploring the Nature of Research Questions in Mixed Methods Research’, Journal of Mixed Methods Research, Vol. 1 (1): 207-211

Mason, J. (2006) ‘Mixing methods in a qualitatively driven way’, Qualitative Research, Vol. 6 (1): 9-25

Bryman, A. (2006) ‘Integrating quantitative and qualitative research: how is it done?’, Qualitative Research, Vol. 6 (2): 97 - 113

Chapter 10. Ethics. Martin Bulmer

Shaw I (2003) 'Ethics in Qualitative Research and Evaluation', Journal of Social Work, Vol. 3 (1): 9-29

Dougherty, D. S. & Atkinson, J. (2006) ‘Competing Ethical Communities and a Researcher’s Dilemma: The Case of a Sexual Harasser’, Qualitative Inquiry, Vol. 12 (4): 292 - 315.

Guillemin, M. and Gillam, L. (2004) ‘Ethics, Reflexivity, and "Ethically Important Moments" in Research’ Qualitative Inquiry, Vol. 10 (4): 261 – 280

Etherington, K. (2007) ‘Ethical Research in Reflexive Relationships’, Qualitative Inquiry, Vol. 13 (7): 599 - 616.

Israel, M (2004) Strictly Confidential? Integrity and the Disclosure of Criminological and Socio-Legal Research. British Journal of Criminology, Vol. 44 (5): 715-40.

Israel, M & Hay, I (2007) ‘Good Ethical Practice in Empirical Research in Law’ Web Resource for the United Kingdom Centre for Legal  Education.

Part III: Into the field
Chapter 11. Questionnaires. Rosemarie Simmons

Kirk-Smith, M. & McKenna, H. (1998) ‘Psychological concerns in questionnaire research’, Nursing Times Research, Vol. 3 (1): 203 - 211.

Bell, A. (2007) ‘Designing and testing questionnaires for children’, Journal of Research in Nursing, Vol. 12 (9): 461-469.

(1998) ‘Questionnaire Design’, Current Sociology, Vol. 46 (10): 7 - 47.

Covert, R. W. (1984) ‘A Checklist for Developing Questionnaires’, American Journal of Evaluation, Vol. 5 (1): 74 - 78

Chapter 12. Measuring Attitudes. Mike Procter

Riggio, H. R. (2000) ‘Measuring Attitudes toward Adult Sibling Relationships: The Lifespan Sibling Relationship Scale’, Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, Vol. 17 (6): 707-728

Henry, G. T. (2007) ‘Developing and Evaluating a Measure of Young Children's Attitudes Toward School and Learning’, Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, Vol. 25 (3): 271-284

Alwin, D. F. & Krossnick, J. A. (1991) ‘The Reliability of Survey Attitude Measurement: The Influence of Question and Respondent Attributes’, Sociological Methods & Research, Vol. 20 (8): 139 - 181.

Chapter 13. Focus Groups. Ann Cronin

Agar, M. and J. Macdonald (1995) ‘Focus groups and ethnography’, Human Organization, 54 (1): 78-86
(not available online)

Alderfer, C.P. and K.K. Smith (1982) ‘Studying intergroup relations embedded in organisations’, Admin. Science Quarterly, 27 (2): 35‑65
(not available online)

Franklin, K and C Lowry (2001) ‘Computer-mediated focus group sessions’, Qualitative Research, Vol. I (2): 169-184

Kitzinger, J. (1995) ‘Qualitative Research: Introducing focus groups’, British Medical Journal, 311: 299-302

Chapter 14. Interviewing. Nigel Fielding and Hilary Thomas5

Ball, J.C., (l967) ‘The reliability and validity of interview data from 59 narcotic drug addicts’, American Journal of Sociology, Vol. 72 (6): 650‑4.

Brewer, J.D. (1984) ‘Looking back at fascism: a phenomenological analysis’, Sociological Review, 32 (4): 742‑60.
(not available online)

Britten, N. (1995) ‘Qualitative interviews in medical research’, British Medical Journal, Vol. 311: 251-3
(not available online)

Devault, M. (1990) ‘Talking and listening from women's standpoint: feminist strategies for interviewing and analysis’, Social problems, Vol. 37 (1): 96-116

Hollway, W. and T. Jefferson (1997) ‘Eliciting narrative through the in-depth interview’, Qualitative Inquiry, Vol. 3 (1): 53-70.

Lapadat, J. and A. Lindsay (1999) ‘Transcription in research and practice’, Qualitative Inquiry, Vol. 5 (1): 64-86

Mishler, E (1991) ‘Representing discourse: the discourse of transcription’,  Journal of Narrative and Life History, Vol. 1 (4): 255-80
(not available online)

Rapley, T (2001) ‘The artfulness of open-ended interviewing’, Qualitative Research, Vol. 1 (3): 303-24

Chapter 15. Ethnography. Nigel Fielding

Armstrong, G and R. Harris, (l991) 'Football hooligans: theory & evidence', Sociological Review Vol. 39 (3): 427-58 (to be read in conjunction with Dunning, below)  
(not available online)       

Dunning, E. et al (l991) 'Anthropological v. sociological approaches to the study of soccer hooliganism', Sociological Review, Vol. 39 (3): 459-78 (to be read with Armstrong above).
(not available online)

Mays, N. and Pope, C. (1995) ‘Observational methods in health care settings’, British Medical Journal, Vol. 311: 182-184.
(not available online)

Bulmer, M. (1982) ‘When is disguise justified?  Alternatives to covert participant observation’, Qualitative sociology, Vol. 5 (4): 251-264

Cressey, P.G., (1983) ‘A comparison of the roles of the "sociological stranger" and the "anonymous stranger" in field research’, Journal of Contemporary Ethnography, Vol. 12 (1): 102-120

Gold, R. (1958) ‘Roles in sociological field observations’, Social Forces, Vol. 36 (3): 217‑233

Hessler, R. et al. (1989) ‘Research entry: a 20 year longitudinal study of the rural elderly’, Qualitative Sociology, Vol. 12 (3): 261-78.

Hughes, E. (1970) ‘Teaching as fieldwork’, American Sociologist, Vol. 5 (1): 13-18
(not available online)

Hunt, J. (1984) ‘The development of rapport through the negotiation of gender in fieldwork among police’, Human organisation, Vol. 43 (4): 283‑96
(not available online)

Janes, R. (1961) ‘A note on phases of the community role of the participant observer’, American Sociological Review, Vol. 26 (3): 446‑450.

Staller, K. (2002) ‘Working the scam’, Qualitative Inquiry, Vol. 8 (5): 550-74

Chapter 16. Using documents. Keith Macdonald

Sixsmith, J. & Murray, C. D. (2001) ‘Ethical Issues in the Documentary Data Analysis of Internet Posts and Archives’, Qualitative Health Research, Vol. 11 (5): 423 - 432.

Altheide, D. L., Gray, B., Janisch, R., Korbin, L., Maratea, R., Neill, D., Reaves, J. and Van Deman, F. (2001) ‘News Constructions of Fear and Victim: An Exploration Through Triangulated Qualitative Document Analysis’, Qualitative Inquiry, Vol. 7 (6): 304 - 322.

Chapter 17. Narrative Analysis. Ann Cronin and Sarah Earthy

Bailey, P. H. (1996) ‘Assuring Quality in Narrative Analysis’, Western Journal of Nursing Research, Vol. 18 (2): 186-194

Murray, M. (2000) ‘Levels of Narrative Analysis in Health Psychology’, Journal of Health Psychology, Vol. 5 (3): 337-347

Georgakopoulou, A. (2006) ‘The other side of the story: towards a narrative analysis of narratives-in-interaction’, Discourse Studies, Vol. 8 (4): 235-257

Rogan, A. I. & de Kock, D. M. (2005) ‘Chronicles From the Classroom: Making Sense of the Methodology and Methods of Narrative Analysis’, Qualitative Inquiry, Vol. 11 (8): 628 - 649.

Chapter 18. Virtual Methods. Christine Hine

Gatson, S.N. and A. Zweerink (2004) ‘Ethnography online- 'natives' practising and inscribing community’ Qualitative Research Vol. 4 (2): 179-200.

Ruhleder, K. (2000) ‘The Virtual Ethnographer- fieldwork in distributed electronic environments’ Field Methods Vol. 12 (1): 3-17.

Madge, C. (2007) ‘Developing a geographers' agenda for online research ethics’, Progress in Human Geography, Vol. 31 (10): 654-674.

Taylor, T. L. (1999) ‘Life in Virtual Worlds: Plural Existence, Multimodalities, and other Online Research Challenges’, American Behavioral Scientist, Vol. 43 (11): 436 - 449

Stanton, J. M. & Rogelberg, S. G. (2001) ‘Using Internet/Intranet Web Pages to Collect Organizational Research Data’, Organizational Research Methods, Vol. 4 (7): 200 - 217

Part IV: Back Home
Chapter 19. Coding and Managing data. Jane Fielding

Franzosi, R. (1990) ‘Computer-Assisted Coding of Textual Data
An Application to Semantic Grammars’, Sociological Methods & Research, Vol. 19 (2): 225-257

Morrissey, E. R. (1974) ‘Sources of Error in the Coding of Questionnaire Data
Elizabeth R. Morrissey’, Sociological Methods & Research, Vol. 3 (11):  209-232.

Lam, T. C. M., Green, K. E. & Bordignon, C. (2002) ‘Effects of Item Grouping and Position of the "Don't Know" Option on Questionnaire Response’, Field Methods, Vol. 14 (11): 418-432.

Chapter 20. Analysing Survey Data. Mike Procter

Lee, E. S., Forthofer, R. N. & Lorimor, R. J. (1986) ‘Analysis of Complex Sample Survey Data: Problems and Strategies’, Sociological Methods & Research, Vol. 15 (11): 69 - 100.

Chapter 21. Secondary Analysis. Nick Allum

Coyer, S. & Gallo, A. ‘Secondary analysis of data’, Journal of Pediatric Health Care, Vol. 19 (1): 60-63
Clark, R. & Maynard, M. (1998) ‘Research Methodology: Using Online Technology for Secondary Analysis of Survey Research Data’ Social Science Computer Review, Vol. 16 (1): 58-71

Burstein, L. (1978) ‘Secondary Analysis: An Important Resource for Educational Research and Evaluation’, Educational Researcher, Vol. 7 (5): 9-12

Boudon, R. (1969) ‘Secondary analysis and survey research : An essay in the sociology of the social sciences’, Social Science Information, Vol. 8 (7): 7-32

Chapter 22. Computer Assisted Qualitative Data Analysis. Ann Lewins

Bringer, J. D., Johnston, L. H. & Brackenridge, C. H. (2006) ‘Using Computer-Assisted Qualitative Data Analysis Software to Develop a Grounded Theory Project’, Field Methods, Vol. 18 (3): 245-266

Bazeley, P. (1999) ‘The Bricoleur with a Computer: Piecing Together Qualitative and Quantitative Data’ Qualitative Health Research, Vol. 9 (2): 279-287

Wolfe, R. A. (1993) ‘Computer-facilitated Qualitative Data Analysis: Potential Contributions to Management Research’, Journal of Management, Vol. 19 (3): 637-660

La Pelle, N. (2004) ‘Simplifying Qualitative Data Analysis Using General Purpose Software Tools’, Field Methods, Vol. 16 (2):  85-108.

Chapter 23. Conversation Analysis and Discourse Analysis. Robin Wooffitt

Clifton, J. (2006) ‘A Conversation Analytical Approach to Business Communication: The Case of Leadership’, Journal of Business Communication, Vol. 43 (3): 202-219

Silverman, D. (2005) ‘Instances or Sequences: Improving the State of the Art of Qualitative Research’, Forum on Qualitative Research, Vol. 6 (3)

Chapter 24. Analysing Visual Materials. Victoria D. Alexander

Mason, P. Visual data in applied qualitative research: lessons from experience’,Qualitative Research, Vol. 5 (3): 325-346

Hurdley, R. (2007) ‘Focal points: framing material culture and visual data’,
Qualitative Research, Vol. 7 (8): 355-374.

Bolton, Pole & Mizen (2001) ‘Picture this: Researching Child Workers’,
Sociology, Vol. 35 (5): 501 - 518.

Chapter 25. Writing about Social Research. Nigel Gilbert

Creswell, J. W. & Tashakkori, A. (2007) ‘Editorial: Developing Publishable Mixed Methods Manuscripts’, Journal of Mixed Methods Research, Vol. 1 (2): 107-111

Sandelowski, M. and Barroso, J. (2003) ‘Writing the Proposal for a Qualitative Research Methodology Project’, Qualitative Health Research, Vol. 13 (7): 781 - 820.